Jargon buster - Vital Tech

Jargon buster


DAISY: DAISY stands for Digital Accessible Information System. DAISY is a special kind of audio structure that lets listeners have greater control over the audio books or publications listened. Depending on the way the recording has been created, chapters, pages or sections can be navigated around. DAISY can be played on a standalone DAISY player (CD or USB) or by using DAISY software on a computer.

Electronic braille display: a tactile device that is placed under a conventional computer keyboard and enables the user to read the contents of the computer screen by touch in braille. They are also known as paperless, soft or refreshable braille displays and have up to 80 braille cells.

Keyboard familiarisation mode:  where you can press a key to be told what it does, as well as a command for reading from the current location to the end of a document or web page.

Magnification software: paid for software has high levels of magnification (at least x36), and text can be smoothed at all levels. It also has advanced reading features such as automatic scrolling, and basic text-to-speech built in. It can be used to magnify the log on screen and supports multiple monitors.

Operating system: This is the software that controls the computers basic functions.  Most computers and laptops run with Microsoft’s Windows operating system, with the exception of Apple Mac products which run with the Mac operating system.  Smartphones also have operating systems – iOS for Apple devices and Android for other devices.

Screen reader:  software that reads out additional screen information  e.g. visual information such as if text is bolded or an email has an attachment. Many free text-to-speech application miss this information. Paid for screen readers have a number of features in common. They all support a variety of synthesizers and braille displays, and all have a navigation mode for moving around web pages with single key commands (like “H” for next heading), together with an editing mode for typing information into editable areas.

Smart Home: Products which enable home monitoring and control of heating and lighting through apps or smart speakers.

Smartphones: Modern mobile phones offering access to internet services, apps and smart home platforms. Most smartphones come with built-in accessibility software.

Smart Speakers:  Voice-driven speakers with built-in microphones which can listen out for commands. The main voice assistant platforms, Amazon Alexa and Google Assistant, both offer voice access to news, weather, calendars, music streaming and smart home features.

Text-to-speech (TTS) is when computers, eBook readers and other devices read out text on screen in computer-generated synthetic speech. It can be used to listen to books and newspapers but also things like menu options on electronic equipment and computers.